Mobile apps have become a norm these days.

Now, most, if not all people are already using mobile apps for their daily lives, whether this be for communication, gaming, online shopping, work, school, or other matters.

Because of this, it makes sense to know the backdrop behind these mobile apps, and how we can use these to improve upcoming versions.

What better way to know the scenes behind the development of these apps than by knowing the programming languages that make these possible.


Java is one of the most common and popular programming languages used for developing apps both for desktops and for mobile devices.

This was first created back in 1994 by coder James Gosling when he was still working for Sun Microsystems, which is now called Oracle. This language can be compared to C and C++ because of their many striking similarities.

Java has grown much in popularity today. One good example of its prominence is the announcement by VersionEye that Java features one of the most complete requirements needed by app developments. This is also the reason why it is the number one choice when it comes to creating apps for Android devices.

Java also depends on JVM which has a smooth inner working with many operating systems. Many top-grade companies also choose Java because of its flexibility and versatility when it comes to personalization. App developers can also find fast solutions to create error-free mobile app development.

Furthermore, Java is also backed by a strong user community that provides continuous improvements, patches, and updates to the system.

According to reports, there are already 7.1 million Java developers around the globe now.


Swift is another top programming language used to create mobile apps. This was announced by Apple back in 2014 and easily gained popularity thanks to its sleek and user-friendly interface. This is even considered as one of the best programming languages when it comes to developing mobile apps.

This is a nice choice when it comes to developing interactive and high-performance mobile apps especially for devices running on Apple iOS and macOS. Before Swift came out, Apple has been using Objective C as the programming language of choice for developing apps for iOS devices.

Many also compare Swift to Kotlin, but Swift is still way younger and newer to the industry. Despite its newness, it is still a very efficient programming language for Apple devices. Many also see this as the key to the future of developing apps for iOS and macOS devices.

The deal with Swift is that it allows you to easily create clear codes without requiring too much code lines as compared to Objective-C language. This makes the whole process easier for beginners thanks to its less complicated structure.

App developers for iOS devices can also have an easier time in the programming process because it has a memory management system that allows developers to focus more on the logic of an app instead of the more common object memory present in other programming languages.


Then there is C++, another top programming language used for developing mobile apps. This is an object-oriented programming language that was developed back in 1985 by Bjarne Stroustrup, making this one of the first and oldest languages used by programmers.

What makes this stand out is that it has a low-level memory manipulation protocol that can be used for creating new operating systems and programming languages.

Compared to all of the programming languages developers are using today, C++ is considered to be the most powerful and strongest language when it comes to creating mobile apps.

In fact, this is the one that is used to develop some of the most utilitarian tools present today such as Google Chrome, Adobe Photoshop, and even the financial technology online payment service, PayPal.

This shows how efficient and fully capable this language is as it can cater to software of this caliber. What more if you are going to use it to develop a mobile app.

Furthermore, C++ is one of the best choices for developing apps because it consolidates the debugging process. This can also be used to create cross-platform apps for iOS, Android, and even Windows mobile devices.

Note that C++ is considered as the main programming language that makes the mobile app industry more mainstream because of its in-depth level of personalization that can create highly-functional mobile and full-on computer apps alike.

Note, though, that it has a very fast code execution time that makes it a great choice for low-level programming. This makes it a common choice for creating high-performance mobile games and apps that use a lot of CPU power.

There are already more than 5 million C++ app developers around the globe today.


Lua is another programming language used by many app developers today. It is considered as the fastest language there is aside from the fact that it is very beginner-friendly as it can be easily learned by newbies. If you are more into boosting app speed, then Lua is your best bet. You can use this for different kinds of applications such as games and even web apps.

It is a lightweight programming language that uses embedded scripts that is capable of securing messages alongside analytics dashboards. This makes it much easier to share files and do conference calls using this programming language.


Dart might also be one of the programming language choices you might like. This is a programming language that is optimized for clients because of its level of simplicity and efficiency.

This also runs on various platforms, whether it be Android or iOS. It is regarded for its flexibility in writing various kinds of codes as well as running on multiple platforms without being limited to computing power.

This is an open-source programming language that features the syntax present in C-style programming languages.

This means that it can either be compiled using native Java code or via javascript. It also comes with Flutter, which is an app development framework for mobile devices.


In conclusion, Java, Swift, C++, Lua, and Dart are some of the top and most used programming languages for mobile app development this 2021.

Not only are they powerful, fully capable, and user-friendly, but they also pave the way for more useful and functional mobile apps that the generation of today and tomorrow can use.

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